STATISTICAL PROFILE OF UKRAINIAN-AMERICANS IN
Based on 2000 US Census Data
For similar statistics for the whole US, click Ukrainians in the US, Statistics 1980-2006.
The five tables presented here are based on the 5% Public Use Microdata Sample data from the 2000 US Census. “Ukrainian-Americans” are defined as persons who declared “Ukrainian” as their first or second ancestry (the 2000 census questionnaire allowed respondents to declare one or two ancestries). It is important to note that these data are based on a 5% sample of all census records and that, given the relative small number of persons of Ukrainian ancestry, some of the results are based on a very small number of actual cases, and the sampling error may be large when the numbers are small.
A second observation is that there has been a relatively large influx of migrants from Ukraine, and that some of them are not legal permanent residents. Given their uncertain legal status and the mistrust of any government official among persons that grew up in the Soviet Union (Ukraine became an independent country in 1991), many of them were reluctant to answer the census questionnaire. Thus the census figures underestimate the true number of Ukrainian-Americans in North Carolina.
In spite of these limitations, the census provides the only data source of Ukrainians in the US at the national level.
The estimated number of Ukrainian-Americans in North Carolina for 2000 was about 10,500 (compared to a total State population of 8 million), and only 10% of them speak Ukrainian at home (Table 1). The largest concentration is in the Metropolitan Area (MS) of Charlotte with 2,500, followed by the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill MA (Triangle) with 2,200 and the Greensboro-Winston Salem-High Point MA (Triad) with 1,400. The numbers in other MAs are too small for more detailed analysis. There is a large variation among the MAs in the percent that speak Ukrainian. Charlotte had 3.5%, the Triad area 3% and the Triangle area 10%. Ashville shows a surprisingly high percent of more than 50% speaking Ukrainians. This is due the fact that about 45% of Ukrainian-Americans in Ashville are recent migrants from Ukraine.
Tables 2-3-4 and 5 present different characteristics of person of Ukrainian ancestry for the State of North Carolina and for the three major MAs: Charlotte, Triangle and Triad. We will provide a brief description of each table for the State of North Carolina; the reader can examine the respective tables for the three MAs.
Table 2 presents the age-sex composition of Ukrainian-Americans in North Carolina. There are slightly more females than males, and the age structure is dominated by young and middle adults: 37% are in the age group 25-44 years and 22% in the 45-64 age group. The percent of small children (0-4 years) is small (8%), with a much larger percentage for school age children (5-17 years), 17%.
Table 3 presents the age composition of Ukrainian-Americans by nativity and immigration period. Out of the 10,500 persons in the State, close to 9,000 were born in the US. The number of recent immigrants (between 1992 and 2000) is higher than the number of immigrants that arrived to the US before 1992: one thousand and 760, respectively. About 75% of all recent migrants came from Ukraine. 32.5% of recent migrants are in the age group 25-44, and 30% are in school ages 5 – 17 years, while the percent of small children (0-4 years) was 8%. This indicates that the recent migration tends to be family migration with children in school ages (see also Table 4 and 5).
Table 4 presents the marital status of Ukrainian-Americans by nativity and immigration period. If we compare the US born with recent immigrants, we see a much higher percent of married with spouse not present among recent immigrants: 14% and 1%, respectively. There are no widows among recent migrants and, compared to US born, they have a higher percent of separated and a lower percent of divorced.
Tables 1-4 present numbers of persons by different characteristics. Table 5 shows the number of Ukrainian-American heads of households. There were a total of 4,300 heads of household of Ukrainian ancestry in North Carolina in the year 2000. Among recent immigrants, only 5% of households had own children under the age of 5, while 10% had children aged 5-17 and 13% had children in both age groups. For US born, 10% had children under 5 years, 15% children aged 5-17; and only 7% had children in both age groups. Households with no children under 18 years were proportionately smaller among US born heads, compared to households with recent migrant heads: 68 and 72%, respectively.